Psychoanalysis and Science discourse
by Alain COCHET
Sigmund Freud's voice (BBC document)
Jacques Lacan's voice (France Inter document)
"Psychoanalysis is operating onto the subject of science, goes into
the central lack where the subject tests itself as a desire" (1)
Freud, at once, wanted to adjust psychoanalysis within the science discourse.
However, one cannot but notice that science has a specific statute as it rings
what is the cause of desire of the scientist. In a major text of1966,
"La science et la vérité"(2), Lacan says that this cause
is foreclosed from the scientific discourse. It means that the subject of scientific
desire is totaly bared, abolished, and so it comes back paradoxically into the Real
that is the very object of scientific proceeding. This process, which leads to the
split between Truth and Knowledge, was fond out forthe very first time in the XVIIth
century by Descartes.
Thus psychoanalysis is not a science like the others, although it would never exists out of the scientific field. The analytic discourse appears more than the other side of the scientific discourse.
But the question of the Real is left. If, on one side, for any subject,"the real of the unconscious is what is impossible", that is to say what any imaginary or symbolic approach cannot reach, on the other side the real of science leads to a mathematical knowledge. What makes connection is the fact that the dimension of Real only seems to be caught by mathematical technics. This is undoubtedly why Lacan made an important use of this topic in his teaching.
Another question comes out : what is exactly the mathematical rationality?
(1) Lacan, Séminaire XI,
Seuil, 1973, p.239
(2) Lacan, Ecrits, Seuil, 1966, p. 855
; View of the borromean rings in vrml
- Freud and Psychoanalysis by Richard Stevens (Open UniversityPaperback)
- Freud Library 3 : Studies on Hysteria by Sigmund Freud(Penguin Books Paperback)
and psychoanalyst, I work specially in the field of logic, topology and knots-theory,
in articulation whit the text of the Seminars of Jacques Lacan.
Author of a book published at Anthropos Editions (Paris) under the title "Lacan géomètre", I try to understand the interest of Lacan into the mathematics to ring the dimension of Real.
I beg your pardon for the mistakes of translation. You
can contact me(with short mails, please). I can also indicate how to receive the book.